The first area that is covered in the CompTIA IT Fundamentals exam objectives is related to understanding and documenting hardware and software requirements. For this part of the exam objectives, candidates are required to understand the difference between system configuration management (SCM) and product configuration management (PCM). To learn these nuances candidates should review the CompTIA Designing a Networked Infrastructure Guide and then implement design features based on the information found there. These include design for security, availability and scalability as well as service and recovery.
The second area is about designing a network infrastructure. To study for this part of the exam candidates should review the CompTIA Essentials for CCNA and CCIE Diagrams. These include detailed information about all hardware and software that will be needed to complete the installation of networking devices. Once fully understood and reviewed, candidates can then begin practicing various aspects of their IT solutions using practice questions from the CCNA and CCIE packets.
A few of the other areas included in the CompTIA IT fundamentals exam include understanding routing protocols such as IP, ICMP, or TCP/IP. Then comes the topics of managing traffic to a data center, troubleshooting problems associated with the IOS deployment as well as troubleshooting IOS application security. Security is an important topic when designing and deploying a network because if network threats can be implemented, they can also be discovered. Therefore, Cisco’s CCNA security is a necessary prerequisite. Cisco’s CCNA experience also includes working with firewall functions such as filtering, blocking, and monitoring as well as basic troubleshooting skills.
One of the most popular topics of all CompTIA IT fundamentals exams is figuring out how to backup a hard drive. Knowing how to backup a hard drive is necessary because disasters such as natural or human-caused disasters can occur at any time. In order to know how to backup a hard drive, you must know how a normal computer system works. Once a user creates a file on a computer system, that file is stored on the hard drive until such time as the user deletes that file.
An important part of learning how to back up your computer system is knowing how to defragment your hard drive. Defragmenting your hard drive helps you compress data so that more space can be saved which allows for longer periods of time where you won’t have to reboot your computer. Part of this part of the CompTIA IT fundamentals series is learning how to defragment your hard drive by following the proper guidelines. Some of the different ways that users are able to defragment their hard drives include: using the system disk defragmenter; by using the system folder defragmenter; by using the console tree defragmenter; and the desktop or window defragmenter.
Network operating systems are another topic area that will come up on the CompTIA IT fundamentals exams. The network operating system serves as the interface between a user’s computer and all of the other hardware components that make up that computer system. There are three main networks in which users will interact with their computers: Local Area Networks, Wide Area Networks, and Computer Networks. A local area network has one server at each end of a local area network, while a wide area network has several servers connected to each other via routers and hubs. In order to understand how the networking functions within a computer operating system, you will need to know how windows is divided up into its different parts, as well as how these different parts work together to provide a fully functional operating system.
Other topics that will be covered in the CompTIA IT fundamentals exam objectives include the operation of the USB flash drive, the operating systems that run on them, and how they all work together to provide the best computing experience that a person can get from their computer. It is also important to know how the different computer components communicate with one another, and what drives are necessary for storage purposes. In the event that there are problems with your connection, then you will need to be able to troubleshoot these problems. There are a number of different reasons that your internet connection might be suffering from a problem, such as a slow connection or a virus. By learning all about how the different computer components work together, you will have a better understanding of why your internet connection is constantly breaking down and how to troubleshoot it in order to keep your work going.